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The Double Ninth Festival

2017-12-08 16:17:31 作者:中外节庆网 信息来源:中外节庆网


 


The Double Ninth Festival


 

Authors /Li Xiaoyan and Xie Lilei

Translator/ Zeng Jing

Publish/Anhui Peoples Publishing House

1)Abstract

The Double Ninth Festival, falling on the ninth day of the ninth month in the Chinese lunar calendar, is a major traditional holiday of Chinese people. As Mencius said, “Expend the respect of the aged in one’s family to that of other families; expend the love of the young ones in one’s family to that of other families”, Chinese people have kept well the tradition of loving, revering, and supporting the aged, which has been inherited by the Double Ninth Festival.

This book illustrates the cultures of the Double Ninth Festival in an all-round way by integrating rich materials and plain introduction with historical recordings, tales, legends, antidotes, paintings and photos. We’re convinced that you’ll have a thorough and deep understanding of this festival after you finish reading it.

The Double Ninth Festival features its wealth of traditional Chinese cultures. While introducing to the readers the customs of this festival, this book attempts to disclose its cultural connotations, which makes it engaging on promoting the Chinese Double Ninth cultures as well as the traditional Chinese cultures.

2)The Origin and Inheritance of the Double Ninth Festival

The Double Ninth Festival (Chongyang Festival), a traditional Chinese holiday, falls on Sep. 9 in the Chinese lunar calendar. It is also called “Height Ascending Festival”, “Zhuyu Festival”, “Senior Citizens’ Day” or “Daughters’ Day”. On this day, people will climb mountain, appreciate chrysanthemum, wear Zhuyu, have Double Ninth cake, and fly kites. What does “Double Ninth” mean? How did the festival get its names? How has it evolved in the long history of China? In the following you’ll get the answers.

According to the ancient Chinese people’s philosophy, all of the things under the heaven are categorized into yin and yang, with the former for darkness and the latter for brightness. This applies to numbers, too, which are categorized into yin and yang correspondingly. Actually yin figures are even while yang odd. Hence, nine is a yang figure. In the Chinese calendar, the ninth day of the ninth month means “Double Ninth” or “Double Yang”, hence the name. It’s found that the Double Ninth Festival originated from the distant ancient time, was officially celebrated in the Spring and Autumn Period (722 B.C. 481 B.C.), prevailed in the West Han Dynasty, and reached its zenith in the Tang Dynasty. The Double Ninth Festival can also be called “Autumn Hiking Day”, a counterpart of “Spring Hiking Day” on Mar. 3 in the Chinese lunar calendar, when people go for hiking, ascending a height, and enjoying autumn and spring sceneries. That’s why it has got the following names: Height Ascending Festival, Chrysanthemum Festival, Zhuyu Festival, Senior Citizens’ Day, etc.

Since the two nines in the ninth day of the ninth month has the same pronunciation with another Chinese expression jiujiu (forever) and nine is the biggest single-digit figure, the Double Ninth Festival is equipped with the implication of longevity. So people will worship ancestors and promote the activities of revering the elderly people. The Double Ninth Festival, along with the Chinese Lunar New Year’s Eve, the Tomb Sweeping Day, and the Ghost Festival, are the four festivals when Chinese people worship their ancestors.

3)Brief Introduction to the Authors

 
 

Li Xiaoyan (1987--), female, was born in Yunnan Province of China, a postgraduate majoring in Ethnology in the Research Institute of Ethnic Studies of Yunnan University. Her major research fields are intangible cultural heritages and ethnosociology. She has conducted a long-term field investigation in south-west of China and is concerned with the traditional cultures of the ethnic minorities with small population in south-west of China. She’s published a number of academic papers, including An Anthropological Analysis of the Wood Culture of Nu Ethic Group—Taking Laomudeng Village in Pihe, Yunnan as an Example, and A Tentative Study on Yunan Ethic Minority Logos. She’s ever joined in multiple state research projects and finished investigation reports, including The Fairy Festival of Nu Ethnic Minority and The Festival of Driving off Evil Spirits of Nu Ethnic Minority. She’s engaged in the programs of Photographing Festivals.

 

 

 


Xie Lilei (1986--), female, was born in Yunnan Province of China, a postgraduate majoring in Ethnology in the Research Institute of Ethnic Studies of Yunnan University. Her major research fields are intangible cultural heritages and visual anthropology. She has conducted a long-term field investigation in south-west of China and is engaged in the programs of Photographing Festivals. Her photographic works include the Fairy Festival, Cattle, and Skirts of Jingpo Ethnic Minority, etc.

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