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Chinese New Year

2017-12-08 16:09:14 作者:中外节庆网 信息来源:中外节庆网


 


 

Chinese New Year

 

Authors / Zhang YueLi XimiaoGao Lei

Translator/ Wang Zhuqing

Publish/Anhui Peoples Publishing House

 

 

1)Abstract

 One year could be divided into four seasons, and traditionally, the Spring Festival (Chinese New Year) is the biggest and longest holiday with best atmosphere and enjoys the greatest impact scope. As is known to all, the Spring Festival matters in all Chinese festivals and holidays. And because it spans the turn between the old lunar calendar year and the coming new year, it is vividly called “spend New Year”by Chinese people. By spending New Year happily Chinese people welcome the new year coming and bid farewell to the old one.

 

In this book you will be supplied with the detailed introduction to the originality of the Festival and its related legends, which describe to the length a variety of folks celebration tradition and its distribution map. The beginning of the Spring Festival is nature-oriented and based upon the rotation of four seasons, demonstrating the humanity idea that Chinese people respect nature and hope to live harmoniously with it. Meanwhile it also reflects social ideals that family could live happily together as well as neighbors. Moreover the spirit of diligence, honesty and optimism are fully revealed. To sum up, the Spring Festival celebration not only expresses Chinese people’s pursuit and desire for better life, and also serves as a common cultural memory connecting all Chinese people in the world.   

 

2)The Origin and Inheritance of Chinese New Year

According to Chinese traditional way of numbering the years, a whole year could be divided into four seasons. The eleventh and twelfth lunar month was called “Dong Yue” and “La Yue” which are the coldest time of a year. While the first month of the lunar New Year, known as “Zheng Yue”, means the coming of spring, which is regarded as the head of seasons. 

As the head of seasons, spring watches the ice melting down, trees waking and flowers blooming. The whole year’s work depends on a good start in spring, as a Chinese proverb goes. To offer a warm-hearted welcome to spring and to celebrate the harvest of last year, every family sweeps the house, wears new clothes. They prepare most delicious food to worships ancestors and gods in most solemn manners, thanking for their protection and whishing for their future blessing in the coming year. On such a big occasion every family member returns home to a reunion party where he or she could relax his or her yearly toiled body. A variety of recreational activities will be held to make the festival enjoyable and colorful. This is a festival in spring. Traditionally, this festival is the longest and happiest, most important and most influential holiday among Chinese circle.

It is true that “Chinese Spring Festival is ahead of all other holidays in China.” the festival happens to be on the turning point of the past year and the new year in lunar calendar. That is why it is also called as “Chinese New Year”. People indeed welcome a NEW year and bid a farewell to an Old year when the Spring Festival goes from “La Yue” to “Zheng Yue”.

Chinese New Year had different names at different times. Back to the Yao and Shun period it was called “Zai”, which implied that all things would take on a new start. In the Pre-Qin Dynasty “Shang Ri”, “Yuan Ri”, “Zheng Dan”, and “Gai Sui”. In Western Han and Eastern Han Dynasty it was “San Zhao”or “Sui Dan”. In the Wei and Jin Southern and Northern Dynasties it was entitled as “Yuan Chen”, “Yuan Ri”, “Yuan Shou” and “Sui Chao”. It was alluded to as “Sui Ri” till the Tang Song Yuan Ming four dynasties. As in the Qing Dynasty, “Yuan Dan” or “Yuan Ri” was so named. Of all those appellations, “Yuan Dan” was mostly accepted for the longest time. During the period of the Republic of China, “Yuan Dan” was changed into “Spring Festival”. The People’s Republic of China has adopted international chronology. In order to differentiate the two New Years in the solar and lunar calendars, and also because of that “Li Chun” in the TWENTY-FOUR SOLAR TERMS being around the lunar New Year, people named the first day of the first lunar month Spring Festival and January 1st in solar calendar was declared as “Yuan Dan”.

Chinese respect nature and tend to their humane feelings in accordance with the law of the changing of seasons. Their enthusiasm and energy are evoked with the coming of the Spring Festival. And a series of worship and recreational activities also display their eager desires for harmonious family and peaceful community. And Chinese people’s industrious and optimistic temperament could be demonstrated to the full length in these traditional events. In a word, the Spring Festival is not only a holiday that could embody people’s hopes and wishes for a better life, but also serves as common cultural memory for all Chinese, abroad or home, or more accurately, as a bond of love to unite them as one unified people.


Chinese paper-cut for the Spring festival

 

 

 

3)Brief Introduction to the Authors


 

Zhangyue, a Han nationality born in June 1958, is from Gejiu, Yunnan Province. He serves as professor and tutor, working as a Party-affair leader of Ethnic Group Studies Department of Yunnan University and deputy president of Yunnan Nationality Studies Institution. Meanwhile, he shoulders the post of part-time researcher in Chinese Minority Research Center of Minzu University of China, and licensed researcher in Ethical Policy and Theory Research Base of Yunnan Publicity Department; he is also appointed executive director of China South West Nationality Research Board, deputy director of National Festival Celebration Committee of China Anthropology and Nationality Research Board. Prof. Zhang mainly conducts research on Chinese minorities in the South West, National culture and economy, and festivals and holidays. 

 

Li Ximiao, co-author, graduate for Ph.D.degree in Nationality Study Department of Yunnan University. 

 

 

 

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